A Playground of Thoughts > Number Systems of the World > The Number System of Tzotzil

The Number System of Tzotzil


This page is based on Sk'op Sotz'leb: The Tzotzil of Zinacantán.

Tzotzil number system is completely vigesimal (base 20) even for numbers bigger than 100. Also, numbers between multiples of twenty are described as x of the y-th twenty, where x is remainder and y is the next multiple of twenty.

NumberReadingMeaning
0?-
1jun1 obj.*
2chib2* obj.
3'oxib3 obj.
4chanib4 obj.
5vo'ob5 obj.
6vakib6 obj.
7vukub7 obj.
8vaxakib8 obj.
9baluneb9 obj.
10lajuneb10 obj.
11buluchib9* + 2 obj.
12lajcheb10* + 2* obj.
13'ox lajuneb3 + 10 obj.
14chan lajuneb4 + 10 obj.
15vo' lajuneb5 + 10 obj.
16vak lajuneb6 + 10 obj.
17vuk lajuneb7 + 10 obj.
18vaxak lajuneb8 + 10 obj.
19balun lajuneb9 + 10 obj.
20j-tob1 × 20
21jun xcha'-vinik1 obj.* of the 2nd 20
22chib xcha'-vinik2 obj. of the 2nd 20
23'oxib xcha'-vinik3 obj. of the 2nd 20
24chanib xcha'-vinik4 obj. of the 2nd 20
25vo'ob xcha'-vinik5 obj. of the 2nd 20
26vakib xcha'-vinik6 obj. of the 2nd 20
27vukub xcha'-vinik7 obj. of the 2nd 20
28vaxakib xcha'-vinik8 obj. of the 2nd 20
29baluneb xcha'-vinik9 obj. of the 2nd 20
30lajuneb xcha'-vinik10 obj. of the 2nd 20
31buluchib xcha'-vinik(9* + 2 obj.) of the 2nd 20
32lajcheb xcha'-vinik(10* + 2* obj.) of the 2nd 20
33'ox lajuneb xcha'-vinik(3 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
34chan lajuneb xcha'-vinik(4 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
35vo' lajuneb xcha'-vinik(5 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
36vak lajuneb xcha'-vinik(6 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
37vuk lajuneb xcha'-vinik(7 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
38vaxak lajuneb xcha'-vinik(8 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
39balun lajuneb xcha'-vinik(9 + 10 obj.) of the 2nd 20
40cha'-vinik2 × 20
41jun y-ox-vinik1 obj.* of the 3rd 20
42chib y-ox-vinik2 obj. of the 3rd 20
43'oxib y-ox-vinik3 obj. of the 3rd 20
44chanib y-ox-vinik4 obj. of the 3rd 20
45vo'ob y-ox-vinik5 obj. of the 3rd 20
46vakib y-ox-vinik6 obj. of the 3rd 20
47vukub y-ox-vinik7 obj. of the 3rd 20
48vaxakib y-ox-vinik8 obj. of the 3rd 20
49baluneb y-ox-vinik9 obj. of the 3rd 20
50lajuneb y-ox-vinik10 obj. of the 3rd 20
51buluchib y-ox-vinik(9* + 2 obj.) of the 3rd 20
52lajcheb y-ox-vinik(10* + 2* obj.) of the 3rd 20
53'ox lajuneb y-ox-vinik(3 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
54chan lajuneb y-ox-vinik(4 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
55vo' lajuneb y-ox-vinik(5 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
56vak lajuneb y-ox-vinik(6 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
57vuk lajuneb y-ox-vinik(7 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
58vaxak lajuneb y-ox-vinik(8 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
59balun lajuneb y-ox-vinik(9 + 10 obj.) of the 3rd 20
60'ox-vinik3 × 20
61jun xchan-vinik1 obj.* of the 4th 20
62chib xchan-vinik2 obj. of the 4th 20
63'oxib xchan-vinik3 obj. of the 4th 20
64chanib xchan-vinik4 obj. of the 4th 20
65vo'ob xchan-vinik5 obj. of the 4th 20
66vakib xchan-vinik6 obj. of the 4th 20
67vukub xchan-vinik7 obj. of the 4th 20
68vaxakib xchan-vinik8 obj. of the 4th 20
69baluneb xchan-vinik9 obj. of the 4th 20
70lajuneb xchan-vinik10 obj. of the 4th 20
71buluchib xchan-vinik(9* + 2 obj.) of the 4th 20
72lajcheb xchan-vinik(10* + 2* obj.) of the 4th 20
73'ox lajuneb xchan-vinik(3 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
74chan lajuneb xchan-vinik(4 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
75vo' lajuneb xchan-vinik(5 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
76vak lajuneb xchan-vinik(6 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
77vuk lajuneb xchan-vinik(7 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
78vaxak lajuneb xchan-vinik(8 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
79balun lajuneb xchan-vinik(9 + 10 obj.) of the 4th 20
80chan-vinik4 × 20
81jun svo'-vinik1 obj.* of the 5th 20
82chib svo'-vinik2 obj. of the 5th 20
83'oxib svo'-vinik3 obj. of the 5th 20
84chanib svo'-vinik4 obj. of the 5th 20
85vo'ob svo'-vinik5 obj. of the 5th 20
86vakib svo'-vinik6 obj. of the 5th 20
87vukub svo'-vinik7 obj. of the 5th 20
88vaxakib svo'-vinik8 obj. of the 5th 20
89baluneb svo'-vinik9 obj. of the 5th 20
90lajuneb svo'-vinik10 obj. of the 5th 20
91buluchib svo'-vinik(9* + 2 obj.) of the 5th 20
92lajcheb svo'-vinik(10* + 2* obj.) of the 5th 20
93'ox lajuneb svo'-vinik(3 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
94chan lajuneb svo'-vinik(4 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
95vo' lajuneb svo'-vinik(5 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
96vak lajuneb svo'-vinik(6 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
97vuk lajuneb svo'-vinik(7 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
98vaxak lajuneb svo'-vinik(8 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
99balun lajuneb svo'-vinik(9 + 10 obj.) of the 5th 20
100vo'-vinik5 × 20

* Different form
† Different word

Note:
j-tob = 201 = 201 = 20
j-bok' = 202 = 202 = 400
j-pik = 202 = 203 = 8000

The number 1976 is read as follows:

chan-bok'vaklajunebsbalunlajun-vinik
4×400+(6+10 obj.)of the (9+10)th20


Mayan (68)
Cholan-Tzeltalan (12)
Cholan (4)
Tzeltalan (8)
TZELTAL, BACHAJÓN
TZELTAL, HIGHLAND
TZOTZIL, CH'ENALHÓ
TZOTZIL, CHAMULA
TZOTZIL, HUIXTÁN
TZOTZIL, SAN ANDRÉS LARRAINZAR
TZOTZIL, VENUSTIANO CARRANZA
TZOTZIL, ZINACANTECO
Huastecan (4)
Kanjobalan-Chujean (8)
Quichean-Mamean (39)
Yucatecan (5)


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