Teach Yourself Japanese
Message Board


Subject: Re: longest word
From: TAKASUGI Shinji (tssf.airnet.ne.jp)
Date: Mon, 17 Nov 2003 16:45:38 GMT
References: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8


I think the following is the longest word in Japanese that contains only one root.

うらやましがらせられまくりやがりませんでしたでしょうかねえ
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasendeshitadeshôkanê

The verb urayam-u is the only root of this word, and all the other morphemes are derivational and inflectional suffixes.

root:
うらやむ
urayam-u (to envy)

adjectival suffix -ashi-i:
うらやましい
urayamashi-i (to be envious)

verbifying suffix -gar-u:
うらやましがる
urayamashigar-u (to get envious)

causative suffix -(s)ase-ru:
うらやましがらせる
urayamashigarase-ru (to make someone envious)

passive suffix -(r)are-ru:
うらやましがらせられる
urayamashigaraserare-ru (to be made envious)

tremendousness suffix -(i)makur-u:
うらやましがらせられまくる
urayamashigaraseraremakur-u (to be made envious tremendously)

derogatory suffix -(i)yagar-u:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがる
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagar-u (for a bastard to be made envious tremendously)

politeness suffix -(i)mas-u:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがります
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimas-u (That bastard is made envious tremendously, sir.)

negation suffix -en:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがりません
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasen (That bastard isn't made envious tremendously, sir.)

polite past suffix -deshita:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがりませんでした
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasendeshita (That bastard wasn't made envious tremendously, sir.)

polite guessing suffix -deshô:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがりませんでしたでしょう
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasendeshitadeshô (I guess that bastard wasn't made envious tremendously, sir.)

question suffix -ka:
うらやましがらせられまくりやがりませんでしたでしょうか
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasendeshitadeshôka (I guess, wasn't that bastard made envious tremendously, sir?)

agreement-asking suffix -nê (same as -ne):
うらやましがらせられまくりやがりませんでしたでしょうかねえ
urayamashigaraseraremakuriyagarimasendeshitadeshôkanê (I guess, wasn't that bastard made envious tremendously, sir? What do you think?)

You can make longer words by using longer adjectives such as おもしろおかしい (omoshirookashii) and 心苦しい (kokorogurushii), but they are compound adjectives and contain two roots.



Reply to this message

Show this thread
Return to the index


Program Copyright(C) TAKASUGI Shinji (tssf.airnet.ne.jp)