8.9. Plants


8.9.1. Flowers


I have already explained chrysanthemum and cherry blossom.

(tu)(tu)(zi)
tutuzi
Japanese azalea

(hi)(ma)(wa)(ri)
himawari
sunflower

(yu)(ri)
yuri
lily

(ra)(n)
ran
orchid

(ta)(n)(po)(po)
tanpopo
dandelion

(ba)(ra)
bara
rose

(a)(zi)(sa)(i)
azisai
hydrangea

(ha)(su)
hasu
lotus


8.9.2. Trees


(ma)(tu)
matu
pine

(su)(gi)
sugi
cedar

(i)(ti)(small yo)(u)
ichô
ginkgo

(mo)(mi)(zi)
momizi
a kind of maple

(ka)(e)(de)
kaede
maple

(hi)(no)(ki)
hinoki
Japanese cypress


8.9.3. Foods


I have already introduced apples, oranges, peaches, plums, and tomatos.

(bu)(do)(u)
bu
grape

(ka)(ki)
kaki
persimmon

Note: This word has different tones from oyster.

(na)(si)
nasi
Japanese pear

Note: Japanese pears are quite different from Western pears. They look like apples, and they are much more juicier than Western pears. You should peel it before you eat because the peel is not tasty.

(sa)(ku)(ra)(n)(bo)
sakuranbo
cherry

(su)(i)(ka)
suika
watermelon

(me)(ro)(n)
meron
melon

Note: Watermelons and melons are different in Japanese, and watermelons are never called (me)(ro)(n).

(i)(ti)(go)
itigo
strawberry

(ba)(na)(na)
banana
banana

(ku)(ri)
kuri
chestnut

(ki)(small yu)(u)(ri)
kyûri
cucumber

(da)(i)(ko)(n)
daikon
Japanese long raddish

(ni)(n)(zi)(n)
ninzin
carrot

(go)(bo)(u)
go
Japanese burdock

(ki)(small ya)(be)(tu)
kyabetu
cabbage

(ho)(u)(re)(n)(so)(u)
ren
spinach

(ka)(bo)(ti)(small ya)
kabotya
squash, pumpkin

(zi)(small ya)(ga)(i)(mo)
zyagaimo
potato

The word (i)(mo) "imo" generally means potatoes including sweet potatoes and yams.

(sa)(tu)(ma)(i)(mo)
satumaimo
sweet potato

(si)(i)(ta)(ke)
take
a kind of mushroom

(si)(me)(zi)
simezi
a kind of mushroom

(ma)(tu)(ta)(ke)
matutake
a kind of mushroom

Note: All of these three are kinds of (ki)(no)(ko) H'LL "kinoko" (mushroom).

(ko)(n)(bu)
konbu
a kind of sea vegetable

(wa)(ka)(me)
wakame
a kind of sea vegetable

(no)(ri)
nori
a kind of sea vegetable

Note: Dryed mashed nori is used for sushi to roll rice.



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