2.4. Hiragana for t/d + vowels


t + vowels:
HiraganaRomanizationPronunciationDescription
(ta)ta[ta] audio English "t" + Japanese "a".
(ti)ti (chi)[chi] audio Similar to English "ch" + Japanese "i". You shouldn't round your lips when you pronounce [ch], unlike the [ch] in cheese [chi:z].
(tu)tu (tsu)[tsu] audio English "ts" + Japanese "u".
(te)te[te] audio English "t" + Japanese "e".
(to)to[to] audio English "t" + Japanese "o".


d + vowels:
HiraganaRomanizationPronunciationDescription
(da)da[da] audio English "d" + Japanese "a".
(di)zi (ji)[d_zhi] audio Exactly same as (zi).
(du)zu[dzu] audio Exactly same as (zu).
(de)de[de] audio English "d" + Japanese "e".
(do)do[do] audio English "d" + Japanese "o".

Note that (ti), (tu), (di), and (du) have different consonants from others, because of a historical pronunciation shift. They are considered to have had the proper sounds "ti", "tu", "di", and "du" respectively.

The kana (di) and (du) have the same pronunciations as (zi) and (zu), and the latter two are almost always used. (di) and (du) are used only for morae that come from (ti) and (tu) etymologically.


Hiragana examples:

Hiragana:(te)(tu)
Pitch:LH
Romanization:tetu
Meaning:iron (noun)

Hiragana:(ka)(ta)(ti)
Pitch:LHH
Romanization:katati
Meaning:shape (noun)

Hiragana:(to)(u)(da)(i)
Pitch:LHHH
Romanization:dai
Meaning:lighthouse (noun)

Hiragana:(ti)(zu)
Pitch:HL
Romanization:tizu
Meaning:map (noun)

Hiragana:(ta)(da)(si)(i)
Pitch:LHHL
Romanization:tadasii
Meaning:right, correct (adjective)

Hiragana:(tu)(tu)
Pitch:LH
Romanization:tutu
Meaning:pipe (noun)



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