A Playground of Thoughts > Number Systems of the World > The Number System of Mandarin

The Number System of Mandarin


Mandarin is the official language of China, and it's different from other Chinese languages such as Cantonese and Wu but they share the same characters.

Chinese languages are famous for having tones, and Mandarin has four strong tones and one light tone. The alphabetical notation of Mandarin needs macron ("¯") for the high tone, acute ("´") for the rising tone, caron ("ˇ") for the low tone, and grave ("`") for the falling tone. The light tone doesn't need a tone mark.

NumberCharacterReadingMeaning
0líng0
11
2èr2
3sān3
44
55
6liù6
77
88
9jiŭ9
10shí10
11shíyī10 + 1
12shíèr10 + 2
13shísān10 + 3
14shísì10 + 4
15shíwŭ10 + 5
16shíliù10 + 6
17shíqī10 + 7
18shíbā10 + 8
19shíjiŭ10 + 9
20èrshí2 × 10
21èrshi yī2 × 10* + 1
22èrshi èr2 × 10* + 2
23èrshi sān2 × 10* + 3
24èrshi sì2 × 10* + 4
25èrshi wŭ2 × 10* + 5
26èrshi liù2 × 10* + 6
27èrshi qī2 × 10* + 7
28èrshi bā2 × 10* + 8
29èrshi jiŭ2 × 10* + 9
30sānshí3 × 10
31sānshi yī3 × 10* + 1
32sānshi èr3 × 10* + 2
33sānshi sān3 × 10* + 3
34sānshi sì3 × 10* + 4
35sānshi wŭ3 × 10* + 5
36sānshi liù3 × 10* + 6
37sānshi qī3 × 10* + 7
38sānshi bā3 × 10* + 8
39sānshi jiŭ3 × 10* + 9
40sìshí4 × 10
41sìshi yī4 × 10* + 1
42sìshi èr4 × 10* + 2
43sìshi sān4 × 10* + 3
44sìshi sì4 × 10* + 4
45sìshi wŭ4 × 10* + 5
46sìshi liù4 × 10* + 6
47sìshi qī4 × 10* + 7
48sìshi bā4 × 10* + 8
49sìshi jiŭ4 × 10* + 9
50wŭshí5 × 10
51wŭshi yī5 × 10* + 1
52wŭshi èr5 × 10* + 2
53wŭshi sān5 × 10* + 3
54wŭshi sì5 × 10* + 4
55wŭshi wŭ5 × 10* + 5
56wŭshi liù5 × 10* + 6
57wŭshi qī5 × 10* + 7
58wŭshi bā5 × 10* + 8
59wŭshi jiŭ5 × 10* + 9
60liùshí6 × 10
61liùshi yī6 × 10* + 1
62liùshi èr6 × 10* + 2
63liùshi sān6 × 10* + 3
64liùshi sì6 × 10* + 4
65liùshi wŭ6 × 10* + 5
66liùshi liù6 × 10* + 6
67liùshi qī6 × 10* + 7
68liùshi bā6 × 10* + 8
69liùshi jiŭ6 × 10* + 9
70qīshí7 × 10
71qīshi yī7 × 10* + 1
72qīshi èr7 × 10* + 2
73qīshi sān7 × 10* + 3
74qīshi sì7 × 10* + 4
75qīshi wŭ7 × 10* + 5
76qīshi liù7 × 10* + 6
77qīshi qī7 × 10* + 7
78qīshi bā7 × 10* + 8
79qīshi jiŭ7 × 10* + 9
80bāshí8 × 10
81bāshi yī8 × 10* + 1
82bāshi èr8 × 10* + 2
83bāshi sān8 × 10* + 3
84bāshi sì8 × 10* + 4
85bāshi wŭ8 × 10* + 5
86bāshi liù8 × 10* + 6
87bāshi qī8 × 10* + 7
88bāshi bā8 × 10* + 8
89bāshi jiŭ8 × 10* + 9
90jiŭshí9 × 10
91jiŭshi yī9 × 10* + 1
92jiŭshi èr9 × 10* + 2
93jiŭshi sān9 × 10* + 3
94jiŭshi sì9 × 10* + 4
95jiŭshi wŭ9 × 10* + 5
96jiŭshi liù9 × 10* + 6
97jiŭshi qī9 × 10* + 7
98jiŭshi bā9 × 10* + 8
99jiŭshi jiŭ9 × 10* + 9
100yìbăi1* × 100

* Different tone

Note:
Numbers larger than 100 have a more complicated way of reading.

Rule 1: If a number ends with one or more zero after two or more nonzero digits, the last unit can be omitted. In other words, the unit for y in the number xy00 can be omitted.

Rule 2: If there is a zero or zeroes in a number, "líng" must be inserted to avoid confusion with a reading by rule 1. In other words, "líng" must be inserted before y in the number x00y to avoid confusion with xy00.

Example:
NumberCharacterReadingMeaning
1234yìqiān èrbăi sānshi sì1* × 1000 + 2 × 100 + 3 × 10* + 4
1230yìqiān èrbăi sān1* × 1000 + 2 × 100 + 3 (× 10)
1200yìqiān èr1* × 1000 + 2 (× 100)
1000yìqiān1* × 1000
1002yìqiān líng èr1* × 1000 + 0 + 2
1020yìqiān líng èrshí1* × 1000 + 0 + 2 × 10
1203yìqiān èrbăi líng sān1* × 1000 + 2 × 100 + 0 + 3


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