Place names in English



I found place names and their adjective forms in English are not systematic, and they are hard to memorize. I have made a list of them here so that people who study English can learn them. Please let me know if you find a mistake.

PatternPlaceAdjectivePeople
-anAfricaAfrican
AlaskaAlaskan
AmericaAmerican
AndorraAndorran
AngolaAngolan
ArizonaArizonan
ArkansasArkansan
AtlantaAtlantan
BaltimoreBaltimorean
BorneoBornean
BurundiBurundian
CalcuttaCalcuttan
ChicagoChicagoan
ChileChilean
ColoradoColoradan
CorsicaCorsican
Costa RicaCosta Rican
CrimeaCrimean
CubaCuban
El SalvadorSalvadoran
EuropeEuropean
FijiFijian
GhanaGhanan
GuineaGuinean
HaitiHaitian
HawaiiHawaiian
HondurasHonduran
IdahoIdahoan
IllinoisIllinoisan
IowaIowan
JamaicaJamaican
KamchatkaKamchatkan
KansasKansan
KenyaKenyan
KoreaKorean
LibyaLibyan
LouisianaLouisianan, Louisianian
MalawiMalawian
MalayMalayan
MaliMalian
MexicoMexican
MiamiMiamian
MinnesotaMinnesotan
MississippiMississippian
MissouriMissourian
MonacoMonacan
MontanaMontanan
MoroccoMoroccan
MozambiqueMozambican
NebraskaNebraskan
NevadaNevadan
New GuineaNew Guinean
New MexicoNew Mexican
OkinawaOkinawan
OsakaOsakan
PanamaPanaman
PapuaPapuan
ParaguayParaguayan
Puerto RicoPuerto Rican
RomeRoman
RwandaRwandan
RyukyuRyukyuan
SaharaSaharan
SamoaSamoan
San FranciscoSan Franciscan
SingaporeSingaporean
Sri LankaSri Lankan
SumatraSumatran
TahitiTahitian
TexasTexan
TibetTibetan
TongaTongan
TroyTrojan
UgandaUgandan
UruguayUruguayan
UtahUtahan
VanuatuVanuatuan
VenezuelaVenezuelan
ZimbabweZimbabwean
-ianAlabamaAlabamian, Alabaman
AlbaniaAlbanian
AlgeriaAlgerian
AmazonAmazonian
ArmeniaArmenian
AsiaAsian
AustralasiaAustralasian
AustraliaAustralian
AustriaAustrian
BahamasBahamian, Bahaman
BelarusBelarusian, Belarussian
BelgiumBelgian
BoliviaBolivian
BostonBostonian
BrazilBrazilian
BulgariaBulgarian
CaliforniaCalifornian
CambodiaCambodian
CanadaCanadian
CaucasiaCaucasian
ChadChadian
CharlestonCharlestonian
ColombiaColombian
EgyptEgyptian
EcuadorEcuadorian
EstoniaEstonian
EthiopiaEthiopian
EurasiaEurasian
FloridaFloridian
GambiaGambian
GeorgiaGeorgian
HoustonHoustonian
HungaryHungarian
IndiaIndian
IndonesiaIndonesian
IranIranian
ItalyItalian
JordanJordanian
LatviaLatvian
LiberiaLiberian
LithuaniaLithuanian
MacedoniaMacedonian
MalaysiaMalaysian
MaldivesMaldivian
MarsMartian
MauritiusMauritian
MelanesiaMelanesian
MesopotamiaMesopotamian
MicronesiaMicronesian
MongoliaMongolian
NamibiaNamibian
NeptuneNeptunian
New OrleansNew Orleanian
NigeriaNigerian
North CarolinaNorth Carolinian
OceaniaOceanian
OregonOregonian
PalestinePalestinian
ParisParisian
PennsylvaniaPennsylvanian
PeruPeruvian
PhiladelphiaPhiladelphian
PlutoPlutonian
PolynesiaPolynesian
PrussiaPrussian
RomaniaRomanian
RussiaRussian
SardiniaSardinian
SaturnSaturnian
SiberiaSiberian
South CarolinaSouth Carolinian
SyriaSyrian
TanzaniaTanzanian
TobagoTobagonian
TorontoTorontonian
TrinidadTrinidadian
TunisiaTunisian
UkraineUkrainian
UranusUranian
VeniceVenetian
WashingtonWashingtonian
ZaireZairian
ZambiaZambian
-eseAndamanAndamanese
AssamAssamese
BaliBalinese
BhutanBhutanese
BurmaBurmese
CantonCantonese
CeylonCeylonese
ChinaChinese
CongoCongolese
GabonGabonese
GuyanaGuyanese
JapanJapanese
JavaJavanese
LebanonLebanese
MaltaMaltese
PortugalPortuguese
SaigonSaigonese
SenegalSenegalese
SiamSiamese
SudanSudanese
TaiwanTaiwanese
Viet NamVietnamese
-iAzerbaijanAzerbaijani
BangladeshBangladeshi
BengalBengali
GujaratGujarati
HindustanHindustani
IraqIraqi
IsraelIsraeli
KuwaitKuwaiti
NepalNepali
OmanOmani
PakistanPakistani
PunjabPunjabi
QatarQatari
YemenYemeni
-erBerlin-Berliner
GreenlandGreenlandicGreenlander
Hong Kong-Hong Konger, Hong Kongese
IcelandIcelandicIcelander
Liechtenstein-Liechtensteiner
London-Londoner
Luxembourg-Luxembourger
MichiganMichigander
New York-New Yorker
New Zealand-New Zealander
Rhode Island-Rhode Islander
based on people
or adjective
AfghanistanAfghan
AntarcticaAntarctic
ArabiaArabianArab
ArgentinaArgentine
CroatiaCroatianCroat
FinlandFinnishFinn
GermanyGerman
KazakhstanKazakh
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz
LaosLao
PolandPolishPole
ScotlandScottish, ScotchScot, Scotsman, Scotswoman
SerbiaSerbianSerb
SlovakiaSlovak
SloveniaSlovene
SomaliaSomali
SwazilandSwazi
TajikistanTajik
ThailandThai
TurkeyTurkishTurk
TurkmenistanTurkmen
UzbekistanUzbek
YugoslaviaYugoslavianYugoslav
-iteDallas-Dallasite
Denver-Denverite
Moscow-Moscovite
New Hampshire-New Hampshirite
Seattle-Seattleite
Sydney-Sydneysider
Tokyo-Tokyoite
irregular
(-an or -ian)
CarthageCarthaginian
GallowayGalwegian
GlasgowGlaswegian
JupiterJovian
LisbonLisboan
LiverpoolLiverpudlian
MadridMadrilenian
ManchesterMancunian
NorwayNorwegian
TasmaniaTasmanian, Taswegian
VenusCytherean, Venerean, Venusian
irregular
(-man, -woman)
CornwallCornishCornishman, Cornishwoman
EnglandEnglishEnglishman, Englishwoman
FranceFrenchFrenchman, Frenchwoman
IrelandIrishIrishman, Irishwoman
Netherlands, theDutchDutchman, Dutchwoman
WalesWelshWelshman, Welshwoman
irregular
(other)
BritainBritish
BrittanyBreton
CairoCairene
ChechnyaChechen
CyprusCypriot
DenmarkDanishDane
GreeceGreek
KiribatiIkiribati
KosovoKosovar
LesothoBasothoMosotho (sing.), Basotho (pl.)
Man, Isle ofManx
MercuryMercurial, Mercurian
NigerNigerien
Philippines, thePhilippineFilipino, Filipina
SpainSpanishSpaniard
SwedenSwedishSwede
SwitzerlandSwiss


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